OSCE Partner for co-operation since 1994.
The Ministry of Public Administration and Security is responsible for law enforcement functions.
Policing tasks fall into the competency of the Korean National Police Agency.
2. Structure and organization
The Korean National Police Agency consists of several subdivisions summarized by the organization chart in the Attachments section.
Organization of the National Korean Police Agency [English] (32.51 Kb)
Organization of the National Korean Police Agency [English] (Format: ) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=62&attach_id=145
Organigram depicting internal organization of the National Korean Police Agency
1. General information
The Ministry of Justice, which belongs to the executive branch, is responsible for judicial administrative matters, including the personal affairs of prosecutors, as well as correctional and rehabilitative administration.
Judicial power over criminal cases is exercised by the judicial branch consisting of three tiers of courts, which are the Supreme Court, the High Courts, and the District Courts.
Each Prosecutor's Office is in charge of investigation and prosecution corresponding to each tier of courts.
Prosecutors have the authority to investigate criminal cases, in addition, take final responsibility for pertinent investigations.
The judicial police conducts investigations under the supervision of prosecutors.
The judicial police consist of general judicial police, dealing with criminal cases in general and special judicial police, in charge of cases specifically related to railway facilities, forest, fire fighting, marine, labour, etc.
When a crime occurs, the judicial police usually initiate the investigation. The cases are then transferred to the Prosecutors' Office where prosecutors continue with the investigation by questioning the suspect, examining the documents and evidence, and conducting additional investigation as necessary. Upon completion of the investigative procedure, they make a decision on whether to file for prosecution.
In the case of complex offences and white-collar crimes, such as official corruption, economic offences, narcotics offences, environmental offences, organized crime, tax evasion, and police misconduct, the prosecutors initiate the investigation ex officio.
Last Updated: 21 May 2009