Admission to the OSCE: 25 June 1973
Policing overview: On 15 December 1970, the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, by Law No. 67, instituted a Surveillance Office, which on 2 January 2002, by Law No. 374, was called "Corpo della Gendarmeria dello Stato della Città del Vaticano" (Corps of Gendarmes of Vatican City State).
2. Structure and organization
On 16 July 2002, Law No. 384 on the Governance of Vatican City State instituted an Office for Security Services and Civil Protection, in charge of the Gendarmerie, in the "Governatorato". In the Gendarmerie, the Inspector General is responsible for the discipline and operational activities of the corps.
The operational activities of the corps are assisted by a modern operations room for the control of Vatican City State territory and are facilitated by an advanced radio-communications system. The Gendarmerie are operational 24 hours a day, with 6 hour shifts and a total of 36 hours weekly for each gendarme. One day of rest per week is taken by turns on successive days.
Last Updated: 30 April 2009