Admission to the OSCE: 25 June 1973
OSCE Chairmanship in 2003
Policing overview: The Dutch National Police is called the “Politie” and consists of 25 regional police forces plus the National Police Services Agency. It is assisted by the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee, a military entity which, during peacetime, performs the duties of a normal police service.
1. Functions and missions
The tasks of the Netherlands National Police are described in the Police Act. Briefly summarized, the Act states that the police must ensure a safe and liveable society, and assist those in need. That means, inter alia, that the police must be visibly present in the streets, tackle crimes, such as car thefts and burglaries, deal with youth and vice issues, and fight violent and serious crime. Whereas in the 1970s the police tended to focus largely on the investigation of criminal offences, they now also put considerable emphasis on crime prevention.
Apart from their daily work, the Dutch National Police have a number of specialized tasks that are either separate or carried out in support of basic police activities. Following is a list of these tasks that includes:
2. Structure and organization
The Dutch police is composed of 25 regional services and the National Police Services Agency - see organization chart in the Attachments section.
3. Staff data
In late 2002 the total strength of the Dutch Police was 52,500: that is, 36,800 police officers, approximately 3,600 trainees and 14,750 support staff in administrative and technical positions. Women accounted for about 18% of police personnel.
A network of controls has been laid down in Dutch legislation so as to guarantee the manageability of the police. It is in keeping with Dutch tradition that no single body should have sole authority over the police, but that authority should be divided between the Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations and the Minister of Justice on the one hand and the provincial and municipal authorities, such as the Queen's Commissioner, mayor and municipal councils, on the other. Below is how it works in practice:
Regional Organization of the Police [English] (14.81 Kb)
Regional Organization of the Police [English] (Format: ) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=35&attach_id=59
Map of the 25 Police Regions
Brochure on Policing [English] (2.44 Mb)
Brochure on Policing [English] (Format: PDF) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=35&attach_id=64
Brochure on Policing in Netherlands
1. General information
The Royal Netherlands Marechaussee is one of the four military bodies of the Netherlands — that is, a gendarmerie or military body serving in peace time as part of the regular National Police Service.
In order to perform the tasks laid down in the 1993 Police Act, the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee is on an equal footing with the Police. If the former is to be able to carry out its police tasks properly, it must have the requisite investigative authority. The Code of Criminal Procedure accords this authority to Marechaussee officers and non-commissioned-officers.
See organization chart in the Attachments section.
4. Education / Training
If tasks are to be performed well, good training is essential. For this reason, the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee has its own Training Command and Centre of Expertise, which is one of the oldest institutes for police training in the country.
Marechaussees and sergeants: The Training Command and Centre of Expertise provides training for security guards and criminal investigators. The former is offered in Eefde and takes six months. The Marechaussees are trained for positions related to the protection of the Royal House, civil aviation security or a particular function in the defence police task. Training for criminal investigators is given in Apeldoorn or Vught and takes one year. Sergeants are trained in police work, the mobile monitoring of aliens and border control.
Officer training is given at the Royal Military Academy in Breda. Training is partly military, partly academic, finishing with a function-specific element at the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee Training Centre in Apeldoorn.
The Royal Netherlands Marechaussee [English] (62.50 Kb)
The Royal Netherlands Marechaussee [English] (Format: MS Word) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=35&attach_id=139
Last Updated: 4 September 2009