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République slovaque

Information générale

Admission to the OSCE: 1 January 1993

OSCE Chairmanship in 1992 (Please note that at that time Czechoslovakia was the political entity representing the interests of the current day Czech Republic and Slovak Republic)

Policing overview: The National Police is the main law enforcement agency responsible for policing in the Slovak Republic.


National Police

1. Structure and organization
2. Education / Training

1. Structure and organization
The main law enforcement body in the Slovak Republic is the National Police which is subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior, with several special units reporting to other authorities, such as the Local Police (reporting to local governments), the Railway Police (Ministry of Traffic), Military Police (Ministry of Defense), Customs Authority (Ministry of Finance), and the Corps of Prison and Court Guards (Ministry of Justice; an armed corps performing tasks in the areas of maintenance of order and security in the buildings of courts and prosecuting authorities).

The organization of the Slovak National Police follows the administrative allocation of the country into eight regions (i.e. Bratislava, Trnava, Nitra, Trencín, Zilina, Banska Bystrica, Presov and Kosice) and 79 districts. For an organization chart of the Slovak Police, as well as documentation on the Code of Ethics of the Slovak Police, please visit the Attachments section.

2. Education / Training
Professional education and training of police officers is provided by Police Colleges and the Police Academy, which offer the following:
  • Police Colleges in Pezinok and Kosice: One year study programme specializing in security services;
  • Police College in Bratislava: Continuing study programme focused on public order, transport, criminal police, border and alien police;
  • Police College in Zilina: Specialized preparation in fire protection;
  • Police Academy: University programme under the Ministry of the Interior providing higher education with specialization in security services and non-govermental security service; three-year Bachelor’s Degree and four-year Master’s Degree. The Academy accepts officers who have graduated from one of the Police Colleges with a minimum of two years’ field experience, provided they are physically and psychologically suitable.

Annexes

  Organization Chart - Slovak National Police [Anglais] (41.71 KO) Organization Chart - Slovak National Police [Anglais] (Format: PDF) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=29&attach_id=94
Organization chart of the Slovak National Police, of the National Police Headquarters and of the NCB Interpol
  President of the Police Force [Anglais] (29.26 KO) President of the Police Force [Anglais] (Format: ) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=29&attach_id=169
Chart showing the reporting line
  Code of Ethics of the Slovak National Police [Anglais] (29.50 KO) Code of Ethics of the Slovak National Police [Anglais] (Format: MS Word) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=29&attach_id=144
Code issued by the Ministry of the Interior in 2002

Criminal Justice System

1. General information
2. Prosecution

1. General information
In the Slovak Republic, the courts decide on civil and criminal matters and review the legality of decisions handed down by administrative bodies. The court system is organized as follows:
  • The Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic with its seat in Bratislava;
  • regional courts;
  • district courts; and
  • military courts (the Higher Military Court with its seat at Trencín and military district courts).

2. Prosecution
The Slovak legal order does not explicitly specify who is responsible for criminal investigations. The court, prosecutor, investigator and police are all denominated as bodies acting in criminal proceedings. The prosecutor’s mission is to supervise the legality of the procedures carried out by the investigator or by the police, and subsequently to bring criminal actions before the court (preliminary criminal proceedings). The prosecutor is also responsible for the legality of the investigation while the investigator or police officer is responsible for the tactics, management, and organization of the investigation.

There is a military division within the General Prosecution Office, and one of the deputies of the General Prosecutor is the Chief Military Prosecutor. The prosecutors assigned to the military prosecution offices are professional soldiers and are subordinate to the General Prosecutor. Their powers apply to individuals and acts falling under the jurisdiction of the military courts.

To view a survey on selected types of crime covering the time span between 1988 and 2005, please see the Links section below.

Liens

Ministry of the Interior – Slovak Republic  Ministry of the Interior – Slovak Republic http://www.minv.sk
Official website of the Ministry of the Interior, available in Slovak only.

Ministry of Justice – Slovak Republic  Ministry of Justice – Slovak Republic http://wwwold.justice.sk/a/wf.aspx
Official website of the Slovak Ministry of Justice, available in Slovak and English

Slovak Police Academy, Bratislava  Slovak Police Academy, Bratislava http://www.akademiapz.sk/
Official website of the Slovak Police Academy in Bratislava

Police College – Bratislava, Slovak Republic  Police College – Bratislava, Slovak Republic http://www.minv.sk/?zameranie-skoly
Official website of the Police College in Bratislava, available in Slovak only.

Police College – Pezinok, Slovak Republic  Police College – Pezinok, Slovak Republic http://www.minv.sk/?zameranie-skoly-1
Official website of the Police College in Pezinok, available in Slovak only.

OSCE/ ODIHR Legislationline - Slovak Republic  OSCE/ ODIHR Legislationline - Slovak Republic http://www.legislationline.org/topics/country/4/topic/12
Legislationline is a gratis internet-based legislative database published and maintained by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR).

Dernière mise-à-jour 19 novembre 2006

Voir aussi: Autriche, Hongrie, Tchèque, République, Pologne, Ukraine

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