Admission to the OSCE: 10 September 1991
Policing overview: The main policing institution is the Lithuanian Police. The Lithuanian Police system consists of the Police Department under the Ministry of the Interior; specialized police units; territorial police units and police professional training institutions. There are other law enforcement institutions to perform policing functions in particular fields: Financial Crime Investigation Service under the Ministry of the Interior; State Border Guard Service under the Ministry of the Interior; Customs Criminal Service; Special Investigation Service; State Security Department; and Military Police.
The police activity is regulated by the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on the Police Activities adopted in 2000.
The general management and control of the Lithuanian Police is the responsibility of the Police Commissioner General of Lithuania, who is appointed for a period of 5 years and dismissed by the President of the Republic of Lithuania upon suggestion by the Minister of the Interior and approved by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. The Police Commissioner General of Lithuania is directly subordinated to the Minister of the Interior and accountable to the President of the Republic of Lithuania.
The Lithuanian Police is a statutory organization, ensuring public order and safety, detecting and investigating the criminal deeds and other violations of law as well as rendering other social (humanitarian) aid for the people. The police, in compliance with the laws and other legal acts, impartially protect all people within the territory of the Republic of Lithuania, regardless of their nationality, race, sex, language, origin, social status, religious beliefs, convictions or views. The police activities are based on democracy, respect for human rights and freedom, humanism, morals of society, lawfulness, professional openness.
The main tasks of the Lithuanian Police are to:
According to the other laws the Lithuanian Police could be ascribed with the other tasks.
1. Police Department under the Ministry of the Interior
The Police Department under the Ministry of the Interior (further – the Police Department) is a police agency assisting to the Police Commissioner General of Lithuania to develop the strategy for the police activity and control its implementation, as well as to organize the management of the territorial police units. The Police Department ensures the implementation of the police functions ascribed to its competence, controls and coordinates the activity of subordinated police units, gives them recommendations and instructions, develops and implements common police activity and personnel policy of the subordinated police units, ensures the implementation of the state programmes in the police units, organizes the realization of the decisions of the Police Commissioner General of Lithuania as well as the control of their realization.
The Police Department is established by the Government.
The Territorial Police Units carry out the functions ascribed them by the legal acts in the established territory. The Territorial Police Units consist of 10 County Police Headquarters and their subunits - 49 Local Police Units:
The Specialized Police Units are the police units established on non-territorial principle, which carry out the certain (special) police functions assigned to them by the legal acts:
The Police Professional Training Institutions are the police professional training divisions, established by the Police Commissioner General of Lithuania, which ensure the constant professional improvement of the police officers.
The Lithuanian Police School‘s mission is to provide the further training for carrying out the professional skills. The aim is to exam the professional skills and training needs of the police officers; to develop the qualification of the police staff for efficient, professional and ethical fulfillment of police tasks; to improve the most progressive and effective training methods; to prepare police officers for their duties in the environment of the European Union.
Lithuanian Police [English] (153.82 Kb)
Lithuanian Police [English] (Format: PDF) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=27&attach_id=196
Organization chart of the Lithuanian Police
The Lithuanian Police School is an institution of police vocational training, implementing the initial as well as further training of the police personnel. The vocational training is one of the most significant stages of education providing the special professional knowledge and skills. The vision of the Lithuanian Police School is to develop into a modern vocational training institution that ensures the qualified initial training of the police officers as well as their professional improvement. The mission of the Lithuanian Police School is to offer the training and education to young people to perform the professional police officer’s duties, continually improve the police officers’ competencies by providing them the professional knowledge and developing the practical skills necessary for their future professional activities, to promote the irreproachable image of a police officer, as well as to serve to the public.
Mykolas Romeris University, Faculty of Public Security is organizing the university level studies in accordance to the Law and Police and Policing programs. These studies can be entered by the students, who match the police officers requirements. The students graduate with a Bachelor’s in Law or Bachelor’s in Public Security degree and are engaged into the post or mid-ranking police officers.
Last Updated: 29 November 2010