Admission to the OSCE: 10 September 1991
OSCE Mission: September 1993 to December 2001.
Policing overview: The law enforcement bodies in Latvia are the State Police, Security Police and the State Border Guard, all under the supervision of the Ministry of the Interior.
2. Structure and organization
The Chief of the State Police presides over the Central Administrative Department, Central Criminal Police Department, Personnel Department, Transport Department, Central Public Order Police Department, Press and Public Relations Department, Financial Management Bureau, Forensic Research Department, Internal Security Bureau and the Internal Audit Unit. For more information on the organization of the departments listed, please visit the official website of the Latvian State Police (see Links section).
3. Education / Training
Currently State Police training is delivered by two institutions: State Police College, which delivers vocational training to junior officers, and the Police Academy of Latvia, which delivers Professional tertiary level education to specialists and senior officers.
The State Police College is a State Police educational establishment that gives preparation for the service in the State Police to the will-be employees. The State Police College is carrying out the first level higher vocational education programme „Police Work”, preserving the continuity of the earlier acquired vocational education and providing specialization in accordance with the needs of the State Police (study duration is 2.5 years). The acquired qualification corresponds to the 4th level vocational qualification and the requests stated in the professional standard. Within the structure of the State Police College there is a Police School which carries out Vocational Educational Programme „Police Work” (study duration is 1 year), after completion of which studies can be continued in the State Police College. For more information, please visit the official website of the State Police College (see Links section).
The Police Academy of Latvia was established in 1991 and offers programmes to acquire academic knowledge and professional skills, academic degrees and professional qualification in legal science, civil defence and security as well as in public administration. For more information, please visit the official website of the Police Academy of Latvia (see Links section).
Population per Division and Police Strength [English] (49.00 Kb)
Population per Division and Police Strength [English] (Format: MS Word) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=25&attach_id=47
Comparative table relative to the Population and Police Strength per Division in Latvia.
Professional Ethics and Conduct Code of the State Police Personnel [English] (28.50 Kb)
Professional Ethics and Conduct Code of the State Police Personnel [English] (Format: MS Word) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=25&attach_id=117
Professional Ethics and Conduct Code of the State Police Personnel
The Security Police is subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior with the status of a state security institution. It operates according to the National Security Law, the “Law on Police”, the Law on State Security Institutions, and the Statutes approved by the Cabinet of Ministers. Its scope of activities in the field of state security provision includes the following:
The Security Police provides for the protection of State officials and representatives of foreign and international organizations and institutions, except for those persons under the protection of the Parliament and the State President Security Service (as per the Law on National Armed Forces).
1. Functions and missions
The functions of State Border Guard are drawn up in the legislation of the Republic of Latvia, the Schengen Implementation Convention, and the Schengen Border Code as follows:
2. Structure and organization
See the organization chart in the Attachments section.
3. Education / Training
The College of the State Border Guard was established by the Cabinet of Ministers and is under the supervision of the Ministry of the Interior. For more information please visit the college's website (see Links section).
Organization Chart - Latvian State Border Guard [English] (57.07 Kb)
Organization Chart - Latvian State Border Guard [English] (Format: ) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=25&attach_id=137
English organization chart of the State Border Guard
1. General information
The court system of Latvia consists of district and regional courts as well as the Supreme Court. District courts are established in accordance with the administrative territorial division of the Republic. The five regional courts in Latvia are the second level, corresponding to the historical and existing regions of the Republic, plus one administrative court for all regions. The Supreme Court is the highest level court. While its judgments are final, parties have the right to judicial review in international courts. The Supreme Court is comprised of a senate and two chambers - civil and criminal, with the senate consisting of three departments: civil, criminal and administrative.
The jurisdiction of the administrative courts is determined by the relevant criminal, administrative and civil procedure laws as follows:
The Constitutional Court exists as a separate court in Latvia, and the Constitutional Court reviews matters concerning the compliance of laws to the Constitution within its jurisdiction as provided for by law, as well as other matters under which it is given jurisdiction. The Constitutional Court shall have the right to declare laws or other acts or parts thereof invalid. The Constitutional Court is independent in functional and organizational aspects.
The Office of the Prosecutor independently supervises compliance with the laws within its competency. It supervises the work of investigative institutions and the investigatory operations of other institutions; organizes, manages and conducts pre-trial investigations; initiates and conducts criminal prosecutions; maintains charges of the state; supervises the execution of sentences; and protects the rights and lawful interests of persons and the state in accordance with the procedures prescribed by law.
Last Updated: 21 March 2007