Admission to the OSCE: 25 June 1973
The law enforcement bodies of Hungary are the National Police and the Customs and Finance Guard. The Police is an independent organization within the Ministry of Justice and Law Enforcement, while the Customs and Finance Guard is under the direction of the Ministry of Finance.
1. General information
The Police is an armed law enforcement agency of the state.
The Government directs the Police by way of the Minister responsible for law enforcement; the organization is comprised of the central unit, the county (metropolitan) police headquarters, police stations and border policing stations.
The Police organize their tasks by way of service branches (e.g. criminal investigation), services (e.g. anti-terror service) and special services (e.g. economic).
Tasks of the Police of the Republic of Hungary are the protection of public order and public security, the protection of the state border, the control of the border traffic ant the maintenance of the order of the state border.
The Police, inter alia:
2. Structure and organization
The National Police Headquarters consists of four General Directorates – the General Directorate for Criminal Investigation, the General Directorate for Law Enforcement, the General Directorate for Economic Affairs and the Dignitary Protection Service which has General Directorate status – as well as the Human Resource Management Service. For further information please consult the document "organizational structure of the Hungarian National Police Headquarters" in the Attachments section.
Restructuring the Hungarian National Police Headquarters [English] (307.65 Kb)
Restructuring the Hungarian National Police Headquarters [English] (Format: PDF) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=19&attach_id=132
Detailed information on the structure and organization of the National Police Headquarters
Toward Community Policing: The Police and Ethnic Minorities in Hungary [English] (220.11 Kb)
Toward Community Policing: The Police and Ethnic Minorities in Hungary [English] (Format: PDF) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=19&attach_id=134
Report prepared in 2000 by the "Project on Ethnic Relations"
1. Functions and missions
The Customs and Finance Guard performs duties of execution within the scope of customs administration, which is a part of financial administration, controlled and supervised by the Ministry of Finance. The customs organization is tasked to:
2. Structure and organization
Customs organs with authoritative jurisdiction include the following:
Customs organs without authoritative jurisdiction are organs established to supply technical and material assets to the various customs organs, provide financial, IT and economic services and basic and advanced training to staff officers, and organize health care, social and cultural services.
The Protective Service of Law Enforcement Agencies performs tasks in the prevention, protection and detection of internal crimes among the professional and public servant staffs of:
Oversight activities are primarily focused on prevention and detection through collection, analysis and evaluation of data pertaining to felonies and other violations. In its work, the Service uses reports and complaints from the public; relies on the help of staff within the agency investigated; and collaborates with government and social organizations, individual citizens and international law enforcement agencies.
The Service is not an investigation authority. Its crime detection activities do not go beyond the confirmation or exclusion of the occurrence of a suspected crime and the reporting of cases to the competent prosecutor's office, or closing the case, as appropriate. In the field of crime prevention and detection, the powers of the Service cover the following:
Statistics [English] (14.38 Kb)
Statistics [English] (Format: PDF) http://polis-cp.osce.org/countries/view?item_id=19&attach_id=189
Criminal Statistics: Number of staff members subjected to covert criminal intelligence gathering (2007-2008)
Last Updated: 4 September 2009